Genetics


Publications (263)

<i>Candidatus</i> Liberibacter asiaticus accumulation in the phloem inhibits callose and reactive oxygen species

Citation
Bernardini et al. (2022). Plant Physiology 190 (2)
Names
Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus
Subjects
Genetics Physiology Plant Science
Abstract
CLas inhibits callose deposition in the sieve pores and the accumulation of reactive oxygen species to favor its cell-to-cell movement.

SeqCode: a nomenclatural code for prokaryotes described from sequence data

Citation
Hedlund et al. (2022). Nature Microbiology
Names
“Kryptoniales” “Kryptoniia” “Kryptoniaceae” “Kryptonium mobile”
Subjects
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology Cell Biology Genetics Immunology Microbiology Microbiology (medical)
Abstract
AbstractMost prokaryotes are not available as pure cultures and therefore ineligible for naming under the rules and recommendations of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP). Here we summarize the development of the SeqCode, a code of nomenclature under which genome sequences serve as nomenclatural types. This code enables valid publication of names of prokaryotes based upon isolate genome, metagenome-assembled genome or single-amplified genome sequences. Otherwise, it is similar to the ICNP with regard to the formation of names and rules of priority. It operates through the SeqCode Registry (https://seqco.de/), a registration portal through which names and nomenclatural types are registered, validated and linked to metadata. We describe the two paths currently available within SeqCode to register and validate names, including Candidatus names, and provide examples for both. Recommendations on minimal standards for DNA sequences are provided. Thus, the SeqCode provides a reproducible and objective framework for the nomenclature of all prokaryotes regardless of cultivability and facilitates communication across microbiological disciplines.

SÍNTOMAS FOLIARES, BIOMASA Y CALIDAD DE TUBÉRCULO DE GENOTIPOS DE PAPA INOCULADOS CON Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum

Citation
Hidalgo-Gómez et al. (2022). Revista Fitotecnia Mexicana 45 (3)
Names
Ca. Liberibacter solanacearum
Subjects
Agronomy and Crop Science Genetics Horticulture Plant Science
Abstract
Las variedades de papa (Solanum tuberosum L.) producidas en México son susceptibles a Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (CaLso), causante de la enfermedad conocida como ‘manchado interno de la pulpa’, por lo que se requiere conocer la respuesta de genotipos experimentales a la bacteria. El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar el efecto de la infección de los haplotipos LsoA + LsoB de CaLso en el follaje, la biomasa seca y la calidad de tubérculo de papa, variedad Fianna, una colecta de Solanum demissum y los clones experimentales T90-1-63 y T05-13-21 de Solanum spp. El manchado interno de la pulpa del tubérculo se determinó mediante análisis de imágenes de tubérculos. Las plantas de Fianna mostraron la mayor severidad de daño foliar; en cambio, los clones experimentales presentaron 17 % menos daño foliar que Fianna y 8 % más daño foliar que S. demissum. Este último fue el genotipo con la mayor biomasa seca de hoja y produjo tubérculos de un tamaño pequeño; las plantas infectadas de S. demissum presentaron mayor número de tubérculos y mayor rendimiento de tubérculo fresco que las plantas sin inoculación, aunque tuvieron la menor proporción de superficie sana del tubérculo. El clon T90-1-63 presentó los porcentajes más altos de superficie sana de tubérculo (&gt; 79 %) y las menores intensidades del manchado interno de la pulpa del tubérculo.

Mutual Exclusion of <i>Methanobrevibacter</i> Species in the Human Gut Microbiota Facilitates Directed Cultivation of a <i>Candidatus</i> Methanobrevibacter Intestini Representative

Citation
Low et al. (2022). Microbiology Spectrum 10 (4)
Names
Methanobrevibacter
Subjects
Cell Biology Ecology General Immunology and Microbiology Genetics Infectious Diseases Microbiology (medical) Physiology
Abstract
Methanogens are important hydrogen consumers in the gut and are associated with differing host health. Here, we determine the prevalence and abundance of archaeal species in the guts of a multi-ethnic cohort of healthy Singapore residents.

Draft Genome Sequences of Nine “ <i>Candidatus</i> Nanosynbacter sp. HMT-352” Strains Cultured from the Human Oral Cavity

Citation
Liu et al. (2022). Microbiology Resource Announcements 11 (8)
Names
Ca. Saccharibacteria Ca. Nanosynbacter
Subjects
Genetics Immunology and Microbiology (miscellaneous) Molecular Biology
Abstract
Here, we report draft genome sequences for nine strains of “ Candidatus Nanosynbacter sp. HMT-352.” These strains and their sequences were used to interrogate strain-level variations in host range, gene content, and growth dynamics among the phylum “ Candidatus Saccharibacteria.”

Identification of housekeeping genes of Candidatus Branchiomonas cysticola associated with epitheliocystis in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.)

Citation
Mjølnerød et al. (2022). Archives of Microbiology 204 (7)
Names
Ca. Branchiomonas cysticola
Subjects
Biochemistry General Medicine Genetics Microbiology Molecular Biology
Abstract
AbstractCandidatus Branchiomonas cysticola is an intracellular, gram-negative Betaproteobacteria causing epitheliocystis in Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar L.). The bacterium has not been genetically characterized at the intraspecific level despite its high prevalence among salmon suffering from gill disease in Norwegian aquaculture. DNA from gill samples of Atlantic salmon PCR positive for Cand. B. cysticola and displaying pathological signs of gill disease, was, therefore, extracted and subject to next-generation sequencing (mNGS). Partial sequences of four housekeeping (HK) genes (aceE, lepA, rplB, rpoC) were ultimately identified from the sequenced material. Assays for real-time RT-PCR and fluorescence in-situ hybridization, targeting the newly acquired genes, were simultaneously applied with existing assays targeting the previously characterized 16S rRNA gene. Agreement in both expression and specificity between these putative HK genes and the 16S gene was observed in all instances, indicating that the partial sequences of these HK genes originate from Cand. B. cysticola. The knowledge generated from the present study constitutes a major prerequisite for the future design of novel genotyping schemes for this bacterium.

A closed Candidatus Odinarchaeum chromosome exposes Asgard archaeal viruses

Citation
Tamarit et al. (2022). Nature Microbiology 7 (7)
Names
Ca. Odinarchaeum yellowstonii
Subjects
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology Cell Biology Genetics Immunology Microbiology Microbiology (medical)
Abstract
AbstractAsgard archaea have recently been identified as the closest archaeal relatives of eukaryotes. Their ecology, and particularly their virome, remain enigmatic. We reassembled and closed the chromosome of Candidatus Odinarchaeum yellowstonii LCB_4, through long-range PCR, revealing CRISPR spacers targeting viral contigs. We found related viruses in the genomes of diverse prokaryotes from geothermal environments, including other Asgard archaea. These viruses open research avenues into the ecology and evolution of Asgard archaea.