Ammonia tolerance of AOA is usually much lower than that of the AOB, which makes the AOB rather than AOA a predominant ammonia oxidizer in agricultural soils, contributing to global N
O emission. Recently, some AOA species from the genus “
Nitrosocosmicus” were also found to have high ammonia tolerance.
The farnesyltransferase α-subunit (FTA) may be involved in the regulation of defence responses against pathogens in plants. In this study, this gene was amplified from Catharanthus roseus (CrFTA gene). The cDNA was found to be 1 403 bp long, and encodes a putative protein of 331 amino acids that contains a conserved PPTA motif. The phylogenetic analysis showed that the sequence of CrFTA is the most similar to that from Coffea canephora. The qRT-PCR assays indicated that CrFTA is expressed in the leaves, stems, and roots. During a Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (Ca. L. asiaticus) infection, the CrFTA expression levels significantly increased and reached 18-fold that measured in the control group, after which its expression decreased gradually from 22 days after top-grafting (DAT) to the end of the experiment. Spray application of Manumycin A (ManuA), a specific inhibitor of farnesyltransferase, on the leaves of C. roseus plants caused a significant decrease in the CrFTA expression and a significant increase in the Ca. L. asiaticus positivity percentage after top-grafting with the Ca. L. asiaticus-infected shoots compared with the groups not treated with ManuA. Furthermore, ABA had no significant effect on the relative expression of CrFTA and the number of Ca. L. asiaticus-positive plants. These results suggest that CrFTA most likely plays a role in mediating the tolerance to a Ca. L. asiaticus infection in C. roseus.
Microbiology is in a new age in which sequence databases are primary sources of information about many microbes. However, in-depth analysis of environmental genomes thus retrieved is essential to substantiate the new knowledge.
We report here the metagenome-assembled draft genome of an uncultured filamentous anoxygenic phototroph of the phylum
Roseilinea sp. strain NK_OTU-006,” recovered from hot spring-associated microbial mats. The 3.6-Mb genome is estimated to be 94% complete and comprises 117 contigs encoding 3,203 predicted genes, including a full-length rRNA operon.
Dehalogenimonas etheniformans” strain GP couples growth with the reductive dechlorination of vinyl chloride and several polychlorinated ethenes. The genome sequence comprises a circular 2.07-Mb chromosome with a G+C content of 51.9% and harbors 50 putative reductive dehalogenase genes.