Reassessment of the systematics of the suborder Pseudonocardineae: transfer of the genera within the family Actinosynnemataceae Labeda and Kroppenstedt 2000 emend. Zhi et al. 2009 into an emended family Pseudonocardiaceae Embley et al. 1989 emend. Zhi et al. 2009
The taxonomic status of the families Actinosynnemataceae and Pseudonocardiaceae was assessed based on 16S rRNA gene sequence data available for the 151 taxa with validly published names, as well as chemotaxonomic and morphological properties available from the literature. 16S rRNA gene sequences for the type strains of all taxa within the suborder Pseudonocardineae were subjected to phylogenetic analyses using different algorithms in arb and phylip. The description of many new genera and species within the suborder Pseudonocardineae since the family Actinosynnemataceae was proposed in 2000 has resulted in a markedly different distribution of chemotaxonomic markers within the suborder from that observed at that time. For instance, it is noted that species of the genera Actinokineospora and Allokutzneria contain arabinose in whole-cell hydrolysates, which is not observed in the other genera within the Actinosynnemataceae, and that there are many genera within the family Pseudonocardiaceae as currently described that do not contain arabinose. Phylogenetic analyses of 16S rRNA gene sequences for all taxa within the suborder do not provide any statistical support for the family Actinosynnemataceae, nor are signature nucleotides found that support its continued differentiation from the family Pseudonocardiaceae. The description of the family Pseudonocardiaceae is therefore emended to include the genera previously classified within the family Actinosynnemataceae and the description of the suborder Pseudonocardineae is also emended to reflect this reclassification.