Immunology


Publications (46)

SeqCode: a nomenclatural code for prokaryotes described from sequence data

Citation
Hedlund et al. (2022). Nature Microbiology
Names
“Kryptoniales” “Kryptoniia” “Kryptoniaceae” “Kryptonium mobile”
Subjects
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology Cell Biology Genetics Immunology Microbiology Microbiology (medical)
Abstract
AbstractMost prokaryotes are not available as pure cultures and therefore ineligible for naming under the rules and recommendations of the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP). Here we summarize the development of the SeqCode, a code of nomenclature under which genome sequences serve as nomenclatural types. This code enables valid publication of names of prokaryotes based upon isolate genome, metagenome-assembled genome or single-amplified genome sequences. Otherwise, it is similar to the ICNP with regard to the formation of names and rules of priority. It operates through the SeqCode Registry (https://seqco.de/), a registration portal through which names and nomenclatural types are registered, validated and linked to metadata. We describe the two paths currently available within SeqCode to register and validate names, including Candidatus names, and provide examples for both. Recommendations on minimal standards for DNA sequences are provided. Thus, the SeqCode provides a reproducible and objective framework for the nomenclature of all prokaryotes regardless of cultivability and facilitates communication across microbiological disciplines.

A closed Candidatus Odinarchaeum chromosome exposes Asgard archaeal viruses

Citation
Tamarit et al. (2022). Nature Microbiology 7 (7)
Names
Ca. Odinarchaeum yellowstonii
Subjects
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology Cell Biology Genetics Immunology Microbiology Microbiology (medical)
Abstract
AbstractAsgard archaea have recently been identified as the closest archaeal relatives of eukaryotes. Their ecology, and particularly their virome, remain enigmatic. We reassembled and closed the chromosome of Candidatus Odinarchaeum yellowstonii LCB_4, through long-range PCR, revealing CRISPR spacers targeting viral contigs. We found related viruses in the genomes of diverse prokaryotes from geothermal environments, including other Asgard archaea. These viruses open research avenues into the ecology and evolution of Asgard archaea.

Candidatus Thiovulum sp. strain imperiosus: the largest free-living Epsilonproteobacteraeota Thiovulum strain lives in a marine mangrove environment

Citation
Sylvestre et al. (2022). Canadian Journal of Microbiology 68 (1)
Names
Ca. Thiovulum
Subjects
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology General Medicine Genetics Immunology Microbiology Molecular Biology
Abstract
A large (47.75 ± 3.56 µm in diameter) Thiovulum bacterial strain forming white veils is described from a marine mangrove ecosystem. High sulfide concentrations (up to 8 mM of H2S) were measured on sunken organic matter (wood/bone debris) under laboratory conditions. This sulfur-oxidizing bacterium colonized the organic matter, forming a white veil. According to conventional scanning electron microscope (SEM) observations, bacterial cells are ovoid and slightly motile by numerous small flagella present on the cell surface. Large intracytoplasmic internal sulfur granules were observed, suggesting a sulfidic-based metabolism. Observations were confirmed by elemental sulfur distribution detected by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDXS) analysis using an environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM) on non-dehydrated samples. Phylogenetic analysis of the partial sequence of 16S rDNA obtained from purified fractions of this Epsilonproteobacteraeota strain indicates that this bacterium belongs to the Thiovulaceae cluster and could be one of the largest Thiovulum ever described. We propose to name this species Candidatus Thiovulum sp. strain imperiosus.

Molecular signatures between citrus and Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus

Citation
Hu et al. (2021). PLOS Pathogens 17 (12)
Names
Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus Liberibacter
Subjects
Genetics Immunology Microbiology Molecular Biology Parasitology Virology
Abstract
Citrus Huanglongbing (HLB), also known as citrus greening, is one of the most devastating citrus diseases worldwide. Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (CLas) is the most prevalent strain associated with HLB, which is yet to be cultured in vitro. None of the commercial citrus cultivars are resistant to HLB. The pathosystem of Ca. Liberibacter is complex and remains a mystery. In this review, we focus on the recent progress in genomic research on the pathogen, the interaction of host and CLas, and the influence of CLas infection on the transcripts, proteins, and metabolism of the host. We have also focused on the identification of candidate genes for CLas pathogenicity or the improvements of HLB tolerance in citrus. In the end, we propose potentially promising areas for mechanistic studies of CLas pathogenicity, defense regulators, and genetic improvement for HLB tolerance/resistance in the future.

Bactericera cockerelli vector de Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum, morfometría y haplotipos en poblaciones de México

Citation
Cerna Chávez et al. (2021). Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas (26)
Names
“Liberibacter solanacearum”
Subjects
Immunology Immunology and Allergy Microbiology (medical)
Abstract
Bactericera cockerelli es una plaga de importancia económica en solanáceas en México, por los amarillamientos que causa en los cultivos, así como por la transmisión de Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum. Se describen variantes genéticas de este insecto, las cuales se relacionan con su capacidad para fungir como vector. En México, la distribución de B. cockerelli es muy amplia y se carece de información acerca de sus características morfológicas y genéticas. El objetivo de esta investigación fue caracterizar morfológica y genéticamente a B. cockerelli y detectar la presencia de Ca. L. solanacearum en poblaciones de B. cockerelli de las zonas productoras de solanáceas en México. Para lo cual se muestrearon 35 localidades de 13 estados, sobre cultivos de chile, tomate, berenjena y papa, bajo diferentes sistemas de producción. Se midieron las variables largas de cuerpo (LC), largas de abdomen (LAB) y ancho de abdomen (AAB) en insectos de cada población, se detectó la presencia de Ca. L. solanacearum en los 13 estados muestreados, donde los machos presentaron el mayor porcentaje de insectos positivos. La presencia de Ca. L. solanacearum no se vio influenciada por el hospedero o el sistema de producción, sino por la presencia de B. cockerelli.

Genomic insights into diverse bacterial taxa that degrade extracellular DNA in marine sediments

Citation
Wasmund et al. (2021). Nature Microbiology 6 (7)
Names
Ca. Izemoplasmatales Ca. Izemoplasma Ca. Izemoplasma acidinucleici
Subjects
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology Cell Biology Genetics Immunology Microbiology Microbiology (medical)
Abstract
AbstractExtracellular DNA is a major macromolecule in global element cycles, and is a particularly crucial phosphorus, nitrogen and carbon source for microorganisms in the seafloor. Nevertheless, the identities, ecophysiology and genetic features of DNA-foraging microorganisms in marine sediments are largely unknown. Here, we combined microcosm experiments, DNA stable isotope probing (SIP), single-cell SIP using nano-scale secondary isotope mass spectrometry (NanoSIMS) and genome-centric metagenomics to study microbial catabolism of DNA and its subcomponents in marine sediments. 13C-DNA added to sediment microcosms was largely degraded within 10 d and mineralized to 13CO2. SIP probing of DNA revealed diverse ‘Candidatus Izemoplasma’, Lutibacter, Shewanella and Fusibacteraceae incorporated DNA-derived 13C-carbon. NanoSIMS confirmed incorporation of 13C into individual bacterial cells of Fusibacteraceae sorted from microcosms. Genomes of the 13C-labelled taxa all encoded enzymatic repertoires for catabolism of DNA or subcomponents of DNA. Comparative genomics indicated that diverse ‘Candidatus Izemoplasmatales’ (former Tenericutes) are exceptional because they encode multiple (up to five) predicted extracellular nucleases and are probably specialized DNA-degraders. Analyses of additional sediment metagenomes revealed extracellular nuclease genes are prevalent among Bacteroidota at diverse sites. Together, our results reveal the identities and functional properties of microorganisms that may contribute to the key ecosystem function of degrading and recycling DNA in the seabed.

No Evidence of Apoptotic Response of the Potato Psyllid Bactericera cockerelli to “ Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum” at the Gut Interface

Citation
Tang, Tamborindeguy (2019). Infection and Immunity 88 (1)
Names
“Liberibacter solanacearum”
Subjects
Immunology Infectious Diseases Microbiology Parasitology
Abstract
“ Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum” is a pathogen transmitted by the potato psyllid Bactericera cockerelli (Šulc) (Hemiptera: Triozidae) in a persistent manner. In this study, we investigated the molecular interaction between “ Ca. Liberibacter solanacearum” and the potato psyllid at the gut interface. Specifically, we focused on the apoptotic response of potato psyllids to the infection by two “ Ca. Liberibacter solanacearum” haplotypes, LsoA and LsoB.