Publications (2769)

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Identification of “ Candidatus Thioturbo danicus,” a Microaerophilic Bacterium That Builds Conspicuous Veils on Sulfidic Sediments

Citation
Muyzer et al. (2005). Applied and Environmental Microbiology 71 (12)
Names
Ca. Thioturbo danicus
Subjects
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology Biotechnology Ecology Food Science
Abstract
ABSTRACT Molecular analysis of bacteria enriched under in situ-like conditions and mechanically isolated by micromanipulation showed that a hitherto-uncultivated microaerophilic bacterium thriving in oxygen-sulfide counter-gradients (R. Thar and M. Kühl, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 68:6310-6320, 2000) is affiliated with the ε-subdivision of the Proteobacteria . The affiliation was confirmed by the use of whole-cell hybridization with newly designed specific oligonucleotide probes. The bacterium belongs to a new genus and received the provisional name “ Candidatus Thioturbo danicus.”

‘Candidatus Phytoplasma graminis' and ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma caricae’, two novel phytoplasmas associated with diseases of sugarcane, weeds and papaya in Cuba

Citation
Arocha et al. (2005). International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 55 (6)
Names
Ca. Phytoplasma graminis Ca. Phytoplasma caricae
Subjects
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics General Medicine Microbiology
Abstract
During 2003, surveys of sugarcane yellow leaf disease and papaya bunchy top-like disease were carried out on plantations in Havana province, Cuba, to determine the roles of weeds and Auchenorrhyncha insects in the epidemiology of these diseases. More than 250 plant and insect samples were collected and indexed by using a nested PCR for phytoplasma 16S rDNA with the generic primer pairs P1/P7 and R16F2n/R16R2. The PCR products were further characterized by restriction fragment length polymorphism using HaeIII, AluI, Sau3AI, Tru9I, HhaI, HpaII and TaqI endonucleases, giving patterns that distinguished them from those of the other reference phytoplasmas analysed. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences identified the phytoplasmas present in sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.), Cynodon dactylon L., Conyza canadensis L. Cronq., Sorghum halepense L. Pers., Macroptilium lathyroides L. Urb., Saccharosydne saccharivora (Westwood) and Cedusa spp., and those in papaya (Carica papaya L.) and Empoasca papayae, as two novel provisional phytoplasma species. We propose that these phytoplasmas should be given Candidatus status, as ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma graminis' and ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma caricae’, respectively.

Diversity of “ Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus,” Based on the omp Gene Sequence

Citation
Bastianel et al. (2005). Applied and Environmental Microbiology 71 (11)
Names
Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus
Subjects
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology Biotechnology Ecology Food Science
Abstract
ABSTRACT Huanglongbing (yellow dragon disease) is a destructive disease of citrus. The etiological agent is a noncultured, phloem-restricted alpha-proteobacterium, “ Candidatus Liberibacter africanus” in Africa and “ Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus” in Asia. In this study, we used an omp -based PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) approach to analyze the genetic variability of “ Ca . Liberibacter asiaticus” isolates. By using five different enzymes, each the 10 isolates tested could be associated with a specific combination of restriction profiles. The results indicate that the species “ Ca . Liberibacter asiaticus,” even within a given region, may comprise several different variants. Thus, omp -based PCR-RFLP analysis is a simple method for detecting and differentiating “ Ca . Liberibacter asiaticus” isolates.

Evaluation of Antibiotic Treatment against “ Candidatus Helicobacter suis” in a Mouse Model

Citation
Hellemans et al. (2005). Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy 49 (11)
Names
Ca. Helicobacter suis
Subjects
Infectious Diseases Pharmacology Pharmacology (medical)
Abstract
ABSTRACT “ Helicobacter heilmannii ” (proposed name) type 1 colonizes the human stomach. It has been shown to be identical to“ Candidatus Helicobacter suis,” a Helicobacter species colonizing the stomachs of >60% of slaughter pigs. This bacterium has not been isolated in vitro until now. Antibiotic susceptibility testing of “ Candidatus Helicobacter suis” has not been carried out so far. For the present study, a mouse model was adopted to evaluate the antibiotic susceptibility of this organism. Mice infected with“ Candidatus Helicobacter suis” were treated with amoxicillin and omeprazole, a therapy which is used to treat H. heilmannii infections in humans. Two different isolates of“ Candidatus Helicobacter suis” were tested. The excretion of bacterial DNA was assessed during treatment, using PCR on fecal samples. At the end of the experiment, 8 days after the cessation of treatment, the presence of infection was evaluated using a urease test and a PCR test on stomach samples. A marked decrease in the excretion of bacterial DNA was observed a few days after the onset of treatment, and the level remained low until the end of the experiment. A difference in susceptibility between the two“ Candidatus Helicobacter suis” isolates was pointed out. The in vivo mouse model infected with“ Candidatus Helicobacter suis” will be useful for further screening of potential therapeutic regimens.