A ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ Haplotype B-Specific Family of Candidate Bacterial Effectors

Levy et al. (2023). Phytopathology® 113 (9)
Names (1)
“Liberibacter solanacearum”
Agronomy and Crop Science Plant Science
‘ Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ (Lso) is a phloem-limited pathogen associated with devastating diseases in members of the Solanaceae and Apiaceae and vectored by several psyllid species. Different Lso haplotypes have been identified, and LsoA and LsoB are responsible for diseases in Solanaceae crops. Our efforts are aimed at identifying pathogenicity factors used by this bacterium to thrive in different hosts. Bacterial secreted proteins can play a role in host colonization or the manipulation of the host immune responses; these proteins are called effectors. In this study, we identified six LsoB-specific proteins with a conserved secretion motif as well as a conserved N-terminal domain in the mature protein. These proteins had different expression and secretion patterns but a similar subcellular localization in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves, suggesting that they play different roles regardless of their conserved secretion motif. One of these proteins, CKC_04425, was expressed at high levels in the insect vector and the host plant, indicating that it could play a role in both the plant and insect hosts, whereas the others were mainly expressed in the plant. One protein, CKC_05701, was able to efficiently suppress programmed cell death and reactive oxygen species production, suggesting that it may have a virulence role in LsoB-specific pathogenesis.
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