Nested-PCR Detection and Sequence Confirmation of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ from Murraya paniculata in Guangdong, China

Deng et al. (2007). Plant Disease 91 (8)
Names (1)
Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus
Agronomy and Crop Science Plant Science
Murraya paniculata (orange jasmine) is a popular ornamental rutaceaous plant and is known to be a preferred host for the Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri (Kuwayana), the primary vector of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter spp.’ that causes citrus Huanglongbing (HLB). HLB is a highly destructive citrus disease worldwide. However, the presence of ‘Ca. Liberibacter spp.’ in M. paniculata remains uncertain (2). Clarification of M. paniculata as a host of ‘Ca. Liberibacter spp.’ has direct impact on HLB control programs. During June of 2006, we identified three M. paniculata trees near a mandarin orchard affected by HLB in Luoding City and two trees from Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province, People's Republic of China. All trees had leaves showing yellowing and mottling symptoms characteristic of HLB. Both symptomatic and asymptomatic leaves were collected. DNA was extracted using the CTAB (cetyltrimethylammoniumbromide) method and assayed by nested-PCR. The general bacterial 16S rDNA primer set fDl/rD1 (3) was used for the first round of amplification. Amplification was conducted as previously described (1), and 2 μl of PCR reaction product were used for a second round of amplification using the same procedure but with 35 PCR cycles with primer set OI1/OI2c (3,4). After agarose gel electrophoresis and staining with ethidium bromide, a 1.1-kb DNA band was unambiguously associated with symptomatic but not asymptomatic leaf samples. Nonnested-PCR using primer set OI1/OI2c alone did not yield a target DNA band or yielded a very weak DNA band. XbaI digestion of the nested-PCR DNA product yielded two fragments, 520 and 640 bp long, characteristic of ‘Ca. L. asiaticus’. PCR amplicons were sequenced and were 1,095 bp long. This sequence shared >98% similarity to sequences of ‘Ca. L. asiaticus’ in the GenBank database. We observed that nested-PCR is necessary for consistent amplification of DNA from ‘Ca. L. asiaticus’ from M. paniculata. We excluded the possible nonspecific amplification associated with nested-PCR by XbaI restriction enzyme digestion and by nucleotide sequence analysis. Our data indicate that M. paniculata is a host of ‘Ca. L. asiaticus’ but the bacterial titer might be low. References: (1) X. Deng et al. Online publication. doi:10.1094/PHP-2007-0419-01-BR. Plant Health Progress, 2007. (2) M. Garnier and J. Bove. Huanglongbing (Greening). Page 46 in: Compendium of Citrus Diseases. 2nd ed. L. W. Timmer et al., eds. The American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN, 2000. (3) S. Jagoueix et al. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 44:379, 1994. (4) S. Jagoueix et al. Mol. Cell. Probes 10:43, 1996.
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