Functional and Comparative Genomic Analysis of Integrated Prophage-Like Sequences in “ Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus”

Dominguez-Mirazo et al. (2019). mSphere 4 (6)
Names (1)
Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus
Microbiology Molecular Biology
Huanglongbing (HLB) disease is threatening citrus production worldwide. The causative agent is “ Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus.” Prior work using mapping-based approaches identified prophage-like sequences in some “ Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus” genomes but not all. Here, we utilized a de novo approach that expands the number of prophage-like elements found in “ Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus” from 16 to 33 and identified at least one prophage-like sequence in all “ Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus” strains. Furthermore, we identified a prophage-like sequence type that is a remnant of an integrated prophage—expanding the number of prophage types in “ Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus” from 3 to 4. Overall, the findings will help researchers investigate the role of prophage in the ecology, evolution, and pathogenicity of “ Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus.”
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