SUMMARYCandidatus Liberibacter spp. are Alphaproteobacteria associated with plants and psyllid vectors. Most cause plant diseases, including Ca Liberibacter asiaticus (Las) associated with citrus huanglongbing (HLB). Replacing HLB-infected by Las-free citrus trees results in fast re-infection despite psyllid control. To check if HLB could be soil-borne, we performed an insect-free greenhouse-experiment with 130 mandarin seedlings in two citrus-grove soils (A and B), non-autoclaved or autoclaved.