Wu, Fengnian


Publications (8)

Physiological variables influenced by “<i>Candidatus</i> Liberibacter asiaticus” infection in two citrus species

Citation
Wu et al. (2022). Plant Disease
Names
Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus
Subjects
Agronomy and Crop Science Plant Science
Abstract
“Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus” (CLas) is the bacterium associated with the citrus disease known as Huanglongbing (HLB). This study evaluated the influence of CLas infection on a number of key plant physiological variables concerning photosynthesis, cell integrity, reactive oxygen species scavengers’ activity, and osmoregulation of two different species of citrus (the pomelo Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr. and the mandarin C. reticulata cv. Tankan), relative to their measured CLas infection load. Results indicated all measured physiological variables excepting soluble sugar were affected by increased CLas infection titers, wherein the variety C. maxima proved overall more resistant than C. reticulata. CLas infection was linked in both plants to decrease in chlorophyll concentration, cell membrane permeability and malondialdehyde, as well as increased free proline and starch contents. Chlorophyll fluorescence measurements taken 9 months after grafting the mandarin C. reticulata with CLas scions revealed a significant decrease in the photosynthesis variables Fv/Fm, Y(II) and QL, whilst NPQ increased significantly; C. maxima plants, on the other hand, did not show significant differences until the 12th month from infection exposure. The variables SOD, CAT, POD, and soluble protein initially increased and later decreased. In addition, progression of CLas replication in both citrus species was accompanied by rapid changes in three reactive oxygen species scavenging enzymes in C. maxima, while the pattern was different in C. reticulata. We hypothesize the observed interspecific differences in physiological change are related to their relative resistance against CLas infection. These results provide a scaffold for better describing the pathogenesis, selecting the most resistant breeds, or even validating pertaining omics research: ultimately these detailed observations can facilitate the diagnosis of CLas infection.

A Type 3 Prophage of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ Carrying a Restriction-Modification System

Citation
Zheng et al. (2018). Phytopathology® 108 (4)
Names
Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus
Subjects
Agronomy and Crop Science Plant Science
Abstract
Prophages, the lysogenic form of bacterial phages, are important genetic entities of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus’ (CLas), a nonculturable α-proteobacterium associated with citrus Huanglongbing. Two CLas prophages have been described, SC1 (NC_019549.1, Type 1) and SC2 (NC_019550.1, Type 2), which involve the lytic cycle and the lysogenic cycle, respectively. To explore the prophage repertoire, 523 CLas DNA samples extracted from leaf petioles of CLas-infected citrus were collected from southern China and surveyed for Type 1 and Type 2 prophages by specific PCR. Eighteen samples were found lacking both prophages. One sample, JXGC, sequenced using Illumina HiSeq, generated &gt;100 million short sequence reads (150 bp per read). Read mapping to known prophage sequences showed a sequence coverage of 46% to SC1 and 50% to SC2. BLAST search using SC1 and SC2 as queries identified three contigs from the JXGC de novo assembly that form a circular P-JXGC-3 (31,449 bp), designated as a new Type 3 prophage. Chromosomal integration of P-JXGC-3 was detected to occur within a helicase gene, resulting in a duplication of this gene. P-JXGC-3 had 36 open reading frames (ORFs), 10 of which were not found in Type 1 or Type 2 prophages, including four genes that encoded a restriction-modification (R-M) system (hsdR, hsdS, hsdM1, and hsdM2). Typed by prophage-specific PCR, the CLas strains in southern China contained all combinations of the three prophage types with the exception of a Type 2−Type 3 combination, suggesting active ongoing prophage−phage interactions. Based on gene annotation, P-JXGC-3 is not capable of reproduction via the lytic cycle. The R-M system was speculated to play a role against Type 1 prophage−phage invasion.

Draft Whole-Genome Sequence of “ Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus” Strain TX2351 Isolated from Asian Citrus Psyllids in Texas, USA

Citation
Kunta et al. (2017). Genome Announcements 5 (15)
Names
Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus
Subjects
Genetics Molecular Biology
Abstract
ABSTRACT We report here the draft genome sequence of “ Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus” strain TX2351, collected from Asian citrus psyllids in south Texas, USA. The TX2351 genome has a size of 1,252,043 bp, a G+C content of 36.5%, 1,184 predicted open reading frames, and 52 RNA genes.